What is 7075 Aluminum?

Aluminum alloysare strong yet light metals that have found uses in almost every market. Analloyis a mixture of metals that, when together, are more useful than their constituents alone. A base metal (in this case aluminum), can be thought to be “improved” by small quantities of different metals, known as alloying elements. Alloys have been invented to provide stronger, more conductive, and/or more resilient materials for designing new ideas, and have revolutionized our engineering capabilities. Aluminum is a very common metal that has many useful alloys; so many in fact that the Aluminum Association has defined classes of these alloys using a numbered-naming scheme based on alloying elements. The topic of this article is from the 7xxx series, or alloys which use zinc as their main alloying element, and its name is type 7075 aluminum alloy. The other three digits in its name specify individual alloys from each other within its series.

Physical Properties of 7075 Aluminum

7075 aluminum mainly composed are Aluminum, Zinc, Magnesium and Copper. Its density is 2.81 g/cm3, which is relatively light for a metal. 7075 aluminum alloy is one of the strongest aluminum alloys available, making it valuable in high-stress situations. The copper content of 7075 aluminum increases its susceptibility to corrosion, but this sacrifice is necessary to make such a strong-yet-workable material.

7075 aluminum alloycan be further improved by how it is strengthened using a process known as heat-treatment, sometimes referred to as “tempering.” This method uses high heat (300-500 ºC) to reconfigure the metal’s crystal structure to strengthen its overall mechanical properties, and can literally make-or-break a material. Like T6, T651 it's typical temper.

Mechanical Properties

The measure of a material’s resistance to deformation is given by its modulus of elasticity and shear modulus. The modulus of elasticity for 7075 aluminum is 71.7 GPa, and it's shear modulus is 26.9 GPa. Generally, this alloy is strong and resists deformation well, which suits it for applications which need a tough-yet-light metal.

When specifying an alloy, one of the most important measures is its yield strength. The yield strength of a material is defined as the maximum amount of stress (or force over some area) that will not permanently deform a material. It is easier to understand in terms of a plastic straw; if you just barely bend the straw, it will naturally return to its original shape. The yield stress indicates the maximum amount of “bending” that can be done before the straw (or the metal) stays permanently bent. 7075 aluminum alloy has a tensile yield strength of 503 MPa, which means it takes 503 MPa of stress on a piece of 7075 alloy before it cannot return to its original shape. This value shows the huge benefit of alloying aluminum, and why 7075 is a shoo-in for structural materials such asaluminum tubingfor frames.

7075型铝经常用于航空航天工业,这对疲劳失效增加了关注。即使它经历了远低于其屈服点的力,材料仍然可能失败。如果这种应力是周期性的,这意味着材料的定期加载足够的时间,可以发生微骨折,这会削弱材料,最终会导致它破裂。疲劳强度是一种衡量材料承受这种循环载荷的能力的量度,并且对于使用该材料产生的部件的应用是可重复的装载循环(例如在飞机或机动车辆中)的应用。7075铝合金的疲劳强度为159MPa。

Applications of 7075 Aluminum

Type 7075 aluminum is one the strongest aluminum alloys. Its high yield strength (>500 MPa) and its low density make the material a fit for applications such as aircraft parts or parts subject to heavy wear. While it is less corrosion resistant than other alloys (such as5083 aluminum alloy,这与腐蚀异常耐腐蚀),它的强度远远超过缺口。7075铝合金的一些主要应用包括:

  • Aircraft fittings
  • Gearsandshafts
  • Missile parts
  • Regulating valveparts
  • Worm gears
  • Aerospace/defense applications
landing gear
wing

Post time: Dec-24-2020
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